VoIP IT Support Services

voip IT support services

VoIP IT Support Services require a lot of pre-planning before execution.  We will try to cover all bases for a smooth transition when purchasing your first phone system or migrating from an existing system.  We have a created a slew of thought provoking questions that deal specifically with choosing Jive VoIP hosting service but are versatile enough to discuss in generalities about other VoIP systems.

Jive Requires a Number to be Ported

Jive will not activate the setup portion of their service until a phone number is selected for porting.  Typically, organizations port their main phone number of their business.

ProTip!  Plan well ahead for porting of numbers.  This can take weeks to perform.   Use the Jive Online Portal to expedite this request.  The same goes for setup of new or moving existing internet circuits.

 

Any Analog Numbers to be Ported?

POTS or Plain Old Telephone Service AKA Analog Phones should be planned to be ported too.  These POTS lines are usually associated with fax machines.  While faxes are not common place these days, they are still very much in use in the healthcare field and construction.  You will need to purchase a Linksys SPA unit if you do not order a fax line.  SPA unit will take a digital or internet connection and converts it to analog for use with a fax machine.  However, SPA units are incredibly unpredictable especially when transmitting more than just a couple pages worth of faxes.

 

Is My Internet Sufficient For VoIP Needs?

  • DSL with 3 megabits down and 512kb is terrible and should not be considered.
  • A dedicated T1 is fine but expensive but reliable.
  • Some can get away with coax but Jive and Cox or whoever the Coax cable modem provider starts pointing fingers when things start getting rough.
    • ProTip –  Avoid a long term contract and go with this as a long term solution and bail for something with more reliability and better ISP service when the time comes.
  • Fiber is the most ideal situation but also the most expensive.

 

Who is that Provider?

My recommendation is Airespring.   They throw in some really nice Polycom phones for free when you commit to them.  They are by no means the cheapest, their internet speeds are very disappointing, and the upsell on higher speeds is infuriating.  But hey, good reliability and great customer service sometimes outshines these other issues.

 

How do I Prep My Existing Environment for Install?

  • Buy some new shiny equipment. Here’s our typical shopping list of cable installation items.
Mandatory Purchases
Tripp Lite 8U/12U/22U Expandable Wall-Mount 2-Post Open Frame Rack, Adjustable Network Equipment Rack, UPS Depth, 23.5″ Deep (SRWO8U22DP) 118 1 118
16″ deep shelf 33 2 66
Plywood for rack 11 1 11
TRENDnet 24-Port Cat5/5e RJ-45 UTP Unshield… by TRENDnet for $27.95 28 1 28
Cisco SG200-26 Gigabit Ethernet Smart Switch  24 Port – Cisco – Switch 190 2 380
Cable Matters 10-Pack, Cat6 Snagless Ethernet… by Cable Matters 24 2 48
GearIT 20 Pack, Cat 6 Ethernet Cable Cat6 S… by GearIT for $25.78 26 3 78
TRIPP LITE PS1916D1U 120V 16 Outlet 1U Rack… by Tripp Lite for $99.90 100 1 100
Keystone Jack 25 Pack 20 2 40
4 Port Face Plate (10 Pack) 1 10 10
4 port surface mount – Biscuit 4 4 16
Ubiquiti Networks Unifi 802.11ac Dual-Radio… by Ubiquiti Networks for $129.89 130 1 130
Dell Sonicwall 01-SSC-0218 Soho Wireless-N … by Dell for $340.00 – Router – PCI Compliant Router 340 1 340
1365
Nice To Have
 Tripp Lite 1000VA Smart UPS Battery Back Up… by Tripp Lite for $127.71 130 1 130

 

  • Use Network Antics for your VoIP IT Support Services. We can install or clean up your cabling, rack, and switch situation or simply manage your entire VoIP project from beginning to end.  We posted a lot of helpful information if you want to make a DIY project along with some sexy pics of what cable management should look like.
  • Inquire with the VoIP provider if they will be providing any switch. Ask if you can purchase outright and have us set it up for you in your new shinny rack.
  • Get a good quality router at the right price. Sonicwall (already in the shopping list) sounds like the ideal combination.

 

Router VoIP Configuration – Segments

VoIP traffic is segmented in larger environments.  Some VoIP providers area against adding this type of complexity.  Ask your provider but I am all about prioritizing and segmenting traffic.  Here’s are some notes from a recent VoIP install:

X0 – Ethernet or LAN interface – 192.168.134.0 (Computer LAN traffic) **DHCP Disabled on Sonicwall

X2- LAN – 192.168.135.0 Range: 192.168.135.1 – 192.168.135.253 (VoIP) ***DHCP enabled on Sonicwall

  • No Inter VLAN
  • Cisco Managed switch – X0 – Not VoIP
  • Netgear UnManaged Switch – X2 – VoIP

 

Bandwidth Management:

Internet Bandwidth Total:  300 Megabits up and 20 Meg down
Phone Usage:  175 kbps/phone
Phones:  20 phones

Sonicwall bandwidth settings for voip IT support services:

voip IT support servicesvoip IT support services

 

 

 

 

 

 

Router VoIP Configuration – Msc

In order to rule out any potential issues with the router,  Jive recommends ensuring your router meets their advised standards. These are the most common router settings that can resolve issues similar to the ones you may be experiencing. Not all routers have these settings available for adjustment, but please make sure that as many are configured correctly as possible.

 

  • DNS Servers: Please set the first two options to 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4.
  • PORTS 5060 & 5061 should be open on your firewall for UDP traffic.
    ProTip!  Opening ports 5060 and 5061 should only be opened if you are locally hosting the PBX.
  • SIP ALG: Found under firewall settings. Must be disabled.
  • SPI Firewall: Found under firewall settings. Must be disabled.  Does not apply to Sonicwall.
  • UDP Timeout: Found under firewall settings. Usually set to 30 seconds by default. Should be increased to at least 300 seconds.
  • SIP Transformations: Found under firewall settings. Must be disabled.
  • Consistent NAT: Found under firewall settings. Must be enabled.

The SIP ALG and SPI Firewall settings are the most important on this list. If your router does not have the ability to disable either of these settings, that is a good indication that they are enabled in the firmware of the router. Sometimes your ISP or IT department will have the ability to modify these settings, however if they are also unable to modify these functions then we would recommend that you consider replacing your router with one from our trusted list of routing devices

FIREWALL RULES

It can also be helpful to create rules allowing all traffic to and from our IP blocks. This ensures that data flowing between your router and our servers will be uninterrupted and unfettered.

ProTip!  Do not allow incoming.  It sounds like a huge liability and we advise against it.  Outgoing is not blocked by default.

199.36.248.0/22

199.87.120.0/22

162.250.60.0/22

If after working through the above steps and you still see the same problems, you most likely have a bad router or there is a configuration change that is still missing. E-mail or call at Jive at 877-548-3003

 

Establish a Call Workflow

There are countless way to setup your call workflow.  Utilizing our pass situation of VoIP IT support services, we have diagramed a basic setup as our plan going forward with some hypothetical scenario.

 

User Extension Direct Line Email Address Phone MAC Address
HR McMaster (Main Line) 0 619-555-1212
Rex Tillerson 1
Sara Huckabee 2
Donald Trump 3
Betsy Devos 4
Scott Pruitt 5
Pence 6
Call Flow
DID line checks schedule If normal business hours then go to auto-attendant Auto-attendant gives greeting and offers to search directory extensions, but otherwise rings through to extension 0 If extension 0 doesn’t pick up then go to voicemail
Otherwise go to voicemail
Extra Items
Need to enable voicemail through email
Need to allow the Auto-attendant to search through the directory of extensions/users

 

 

Welcome to Jive

Use the dashboard to get your introduction to Jive goingvoip IT support services

 

Confirm Network Connectivity to the Internet is Suitable for VoIP

Jive View delivers a comprehensive picture of your phone’s network in real time. Armed with this performance data, you (or our tech team) can proactively identify network concerns before they become problems. If problems do arise, the app helps pinpoint exactly what they are so you can address them and verify that you’re in the clear. That, my friend, is called peace of mind.

 

VoIP IT Support Services Summary

You are all set.  There’s a lot of packed into into VoIP IT Support Services.  However, utilizing this step by step guide should prevent a lot of mistakes from happening and any hopefully buyer’s remorse.

 

 

 

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